When To Replace Bonds With Annuities
By: Forbes - October 23, 2018
Much of the criticism of annuities is deserved, and I’ve joined in it. There are annuities that are complicated, charge high fees and have a lot of restrictions.
There also are annuities that are sold to the wrong people.
The right annuity, however, can increase your financial security and portfolio returns.
In the past, I’ve recommended immediate annuities and deferred income annuities (DIAs, also known as longevity annuities) for retirees. They provide protection against two of the greatest retirement risks: low investment returns and living a long time.
People who aren’t retired and are still saving for the future should consider replacing bonds in their portfolios with fixed annuities or fixed indexed annuities.
There are several reasons you might want to reduce the percentage of your portfolio invested in bonds and bond funds in the coming years.
Interest rates remain very low, despite the increases since late 2017. The best likely result over the next 10 years is earning the current yield on bonds, which is 3% or less. But returns could be worse. If interest rates continue to rise, the value of bonds and bond funds will decline.
A recession also will cause losses in high-yield bonds and even some investment-grade bonds.
Fixed annuities and fixed indexed annuities offer several advantages over bonds and bond funds, while maintaining the diversification benefits.
The biggest advantage is that the insurer guarantees the value of your principal. Even if interest rates rise, the value of your principal remains the same. In addition, you’ll earn interest on the principal.
There are two types of fixed annuities. The most common is the Multi-Year Guaranteed Annuity (MYGA). The MYGA locks in a fixed rate for the term you select, usually five to 10 years.
The interest you earn grows and compounds tax-deferred within the annuity. One of the top-paying MYGAs is paying 3.6% for five years. So if you started with $100,000, at the end of the five years the annuity value would be $119,343. The big advantage of an MYGA is a stated predictable return.
In the other type of fixed annuity, the interest rate changes each year. Usually the year’s interest rate is set by the insurer based on current interest rates and the insurer’s costs. The yield often is similar to what is earned by intermediate corporate bonds, but it can be higher or lower depending on the insurer.
The interest on a fixed indexed annuity (FIA) is more complicated. An index is designated as the benchmark for the annuity. When the index rises, the annuity account receives an interest credit. The interest usually is a percentage of the index increase.
Suppose an FIA credits an account with 80% of the index’s increase. If the index rises 10%, the annuity receives 8% (80% of 10%).
Many FIAs also have an annual cap. No matter how much the index increases, the interest credit won’t exceed the cap. For example, suppose the same FIA has a 10% cap. If the index rises 20%, 80% of that would be 16%. But because of the cap, an account will receive a 10% interest credit. Other factors in the annuity contract also might reduce interest credits, such as spreads, margins and expenses.
These rules reveal some of the reasons people criticize FIAs. They’re complicated and have several levels of expenses. While some brokers sell them based on stock index returns, the caps and crediting formulas usually keep the returns below stock index returns. But, as I’ll show, FIAs can play a positive role in some portfolios, especially if you work with a financial professional who is well-versed in them, knows they are substitutes for safe investments, not stocks, and considers all the FIAs in the market.
FIAs also have a minimum guaranteed return. For many of them today, the minimum return is 0%.
In the past, I’ve recommended considering fixed annuities or FIAs instead of bonds in pre-retirement portfolios, especially when interest rates are expected to rise.
New support for that recommendation comes from a study by Roger Ibbotson, a professor emeritus of finance at Yale University and a long-respected investment researcher. Ibbotson’s latest research concludes that uncapped FIAs would have outperformed bonds on an annualized basis for the past 90 years.
He’s also concerned about interest rates over the next 10 years or so and believes bonds won’t deliver the returns most investors need to fund their retirements.
So, Ibbotson joins in recommending that you consider replacing some bond positions with annuities. You need to decide if you want a traditional fixed annuity, a MYGA, or an FIA.
The MYGAs pretty much speak for themselves, says annuity agent Todd Phillips of Phillips Financial Services in Phoenix, Arizona.
The longer you’re willing to lock up your money in a MYGA, the higher the guaranteed annual yield. If you don’t want to lock up your money that long or expect to earn a higher yield as rates rise in the next few years, consider a fixed annuity with annual interest resets.
These currently pay a little under 3%. When you’re ready to buy, Phillips says to search the market, because the highest-yielding annuity from a highly-rated insurer changes over time.
The FIAs are more complicated but offer the potential for a higher interest rate.
Let’s look at the Midland National Summit Edge 7 as an example of both how complicated FIAs can be and how they can be used. This FIA offers several indexes from which you can choose, and you can have the account’s interest based on more than one index.
In addition, this FIA offers an inverse of the S&P 500 with which you basically sell short the S&P 500. With the inverse option, if the S&P 500 declines by any amount for the year, the portion of your account based on it is credited with 8.3% interest. On the other hand, if the S&P 500 appreciates, there’s no change in that portion of your account.
Here’s how you could use this FIA. You could have 50% of your account based on the S&P 500 and 50% based on the inverse S&P 500. If the S&P 500 returns 10% for the year, your account is credited with 4.9%. The 50% of the account based on the inverse option receives 0%.
The half based on the S&P 500 receives 9.8% (the 10% return for the S&P 500 minus a 0.20% spread). So, 50% times 9.8% is a 4.9% return for the entire account.
Suppose the S&P 500 declines 5%.
The half of the account based on the S&P 500 receives a 0% return. The half based on the inverse option is credited with 8.3%. The total increase in the account is 4.15% (50% times 8.3%).
This is just one way this FIA can be used. Many other FIAs also let you choose from among a number of indexes and combine them. FIAs obviously can be complicated. They’re not alternatives to investing in stocks. But FIAs can be good choices for an investor who wants the opportunity to earn more interest than bonds are likely to deliver while keeping the principal secure.
Remember, fixed annuities and FIAs should be considered by people who still are in the accumulation years and want diversification in their portfolios. People who already are retired and want guaranteed lifetime income should consider immediate annuities and deferred income annuities.
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